Implementation of the Environmental Action Programme for CEE
Sofia Initiative Local Air Pollution
SILAQ Working Group Meeting
Szentendre, Hungary; February 25-26, 1999
Submitted by the Secretariat
Chair: Secretariat: Bulgaria
Dr. Dimitar Kantardjiev, Director General
The National Center for Environment and
Sustainable Development to the Ministry of
Environment and Waters
136, Tzar Boris III blvd
1618 Sofia, Bulgaria
Tel.: (359 2) 955 90 11
Fax: (359 2) 95590 15
REC for CEE
Mr. Mihail Staynov, Project Manager
REC Local Office Bulgaria
86, Vasil Levski Bvd., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
Tel./Fax.: (35-92) 980-3730
Sofia Initiative: Collaborative Programme on Improving Local Air Quality in Central and Eastern Europe
Minutes of the Working Group Meeting, 25-26 February 1999
1. The meeting of the Sofia Initiative Working Group on Collaborative Programme on Improving Local Air Quality in Central and Eastern Europe (SILAQ) organized by the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) took place on 25-26 February, 1999 at the REC's Conference Center in Szentendre, Hungary.
2. The goal of the meeting was to agree on the work plan for the activities of the Working Group (WG) during the next phase of the project contracted by the USEPA and REC.
3. The meeting was attended by Working Group members - representatives from Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania, as well as representatives from the REC. For logistical reasons the representative from Czech Republic was unable to attend.
4. The meeting was chaired by Mr.Dimitar Kantardjiev (Chairman of the Working Group).
5. The Chairman opened the meeting and briefed the WG members on the distributed papers and the procedures of the meeting. The participants were also informed that Slovakia and Slovenia will not take place in the working group during this phase of the project because of very hard engagements of their experts into the EU accession procedures within their agencies.
6. On behalf of the representatives of USEPA (MS.Sylvia Correa) and Danish EPA (Ms.Ulla Bendtsen) the representative of the REC presented the main points concerning their view about the possible contribution of their agencies to the proposed work plan.
7. Following an introduction about the goals and meeting agenda presented by the facilitator, the participants discussed the proposed work plan of the working group based on the objectives of the program for 1999. They considered over the following agenda:
Identifying of the country needs
Determining of the scope of work
Listing of the outputs / means
Wrap up / next steps
7. The objectives for 1999 were specified as follows:
|LEAD|| · Implementation
· Public awareness (health, additives, etc.)
|SOX||· Tools/incentives (Economic incentives)|
|PARTICULATE MATTER||· Samplers|
8. Further needs of the countries (problems for the environment, what is to be done to solve them - measures, how to be done - tools) were described:
- Climate changes (Kyoto protocol, renewable)
- Air protection strategies (CO2)
- NOx strategies
- Lead stationary sources
- Particulates PM2.5 (new EU Directive proposal)
- Economic instruments (lead)
- Approximation with EU
- Technology (NOx convention)
9. Basing on this list the following groups of items were defined:
|Lead|| Public awareness
|Particulate matters||PM2.5, PM10 and TSP sampling|
|Strategies (plans) & instruments|| SO2
|Green House Gases|| Monitoring
SCOPE OF WORK
10. The Scope of the Activities according to the project contracted between the USEPA and REC includes:
- Working Group Meetings
- Regional Workshops
- Country studies by 10 PM samplers
- Synthesis report
- WEB site
- E-mail discussion lists
11. The participants agreed that Hungary is convenient location for the meetings because it is in the middle of the region, and the REC's Conference Center offers good conditions to hold such events. Therefore, the second meeting of the working group will be held also in Szentendre in December.
12. The participants were informed that the USEPA is going to organise another workshop in the region on the base of bilateral agreement with Romania. It will be aimed to help Romania to develop and implement national strategy to phase out lead in gasoline. The working group members or other relevant experts from the other SILAQ countries will be invited to participate and to share their experience with Romanian participants.
|Workshop #1||Croatia or Romania||
(vehicles and stationary)
| Health effects
Public awareness (technics of public involvement)
Green house gases
| Strategies / planning / instruments
|Workshop USEPA-Romania||Romania||Lead||Strategies & planning of lead phase out in gasoline|
13. The working group members have to co-ordinate with their authorities 3-4 participants for each workshop, and to send their proposals (names/authorities and address for contact) to the project co-ordinator (Mihail Staynov) till 10th March.
14. The participants manifested real interest to the possibility to hold studies of the local air pollution standing out the shares of PM2.5, PM10 and Total Suspended Particulates.
15. Country studies of particulate pollution will be scheduled on the base of supplying of 10 samplers and the plan prepared by Bulgaria.
16. Training for the studies will be held in Sofia, Bulgaria in May. Two experts of each country will be invited for the training. The working group members will co-ordinate with their authorities two experts who will lead the study in their countries to be trained. They will provide the co-ordinator of the project (Mihail Staynov) with the names and addresses for contact also till 10th March.
17. The working group members were also asked to co-ordinate the preferable time for the studies in their country, as well as the places (hot spots) and time where it will be done. The countries are expected to ensure the custom procedures (duty free import and export) and in-country shipment of the equipment.
OUTPUTS / MEANS
18. The summary of the work prepared by the countries will be presented in a synthesis report. It will include:
- outputs from the workshops
- report of the particulate studies
- emission limit value analysis
- national status reports (on the selected areas)
19. The report will be done on the base of the information provided by the countries. For this purpose the project co-ordinator will elaborate and co-ordinate with the working group members a questionnaire. The report will be published for dissemination.
20. WEB page will be elaborated and included into the REC's WEB site. It will contain:
- documents issued by SILAQ project
- documents and other information collected for SILAQ purposes
- reference list
- minutes from the SILAQ's events
- list of contact addresses
- project's program, plan, conclusions and proposals.
WRAP-UP / NEXT STEPS
21. The representative of Bulgaria presented the progress in the implementation of national phase-out of lead in gasoline program. The new policy of taxation of vehicle fuels makes unleaded gasoline more attractive than leaded one. New emission standards and requirements as well as new limit values for the pollutants content in vehicle fuels are prepared in accordance with EU practice. They will get in force till the end of this year.
22. The representative of Hungary briefed the WG members about their countries process in phasing out leaded gasoline. Hungary will ban the use of leaded gasoline starting from April 1st, 1999.
23. The representative of Poland drew up the tendency of SO2 content in ambient air. After the significant reduction of sulfur emission in the period 1980-1993 the SO2 content is keeping a permanent levels during 1994-1996. Poland is working on the local/regional plans for reduction of emission in the high polluted areas and large agglomerations (more than 250 thousand inhabitants) as it is required by EU Directive 96/62/EC. Sixty monitoring points for Lead, TSP/PM10, NO2 and SO2 are established.
24. The representatives from Romania informed the participants about the achievements in the phasing out of lead in gasoline. The new limit value of 0.15 g lead per litter is going to be established. The national plan provides 2005 for total ban of leaded gasoline but the lack of external investments is a crucial problem for its execution.
25. The representative of Croatia briefed about the regulatory practice and the air quality situation. She presented the report on the Air Quality Management in the Republic of Croatia which will be available for the WG members by e-mail.
26. The WG members will provide the co-ordinator with the names, responsibilities and contact addresses of other local experts which will be kept in contact about the SILAQ activities directly by the Secretariat. They will provide the co-ordinator with the WEB sites (addresses) of the concerning authorities which will be disseminated by the Secretariat.
27. An assessment of the situation in the SILAQ countries regarding the phase out of lead in gasoline, the reduction of SO2 and particulate emissions and other problems for the ambient air quality (programs, plans, regulation, standards). The project manager will prepare and co-ordinate (till the end of April) with the WG members the format of the questionnaire which will be used for this purpose. A report will be prepared by the Secretariat on the situation and the work carried out by the Working Group. This report will be published as an official paper of the program.
28. The next meeting of the Working Group will be held in Szentendre, Hungary (November/December 1999).
REC * PROGRAMS * SOFIA INITIATIVES * LOCAL AIR POLLUTION * DOCUMENTS