Perceptual / Behavioural
Economic, Financial, and Market Barriers
National and Sub-National
A number of programs and policies have been able to reduce resource
consumption and vehicle emissions, while enhancing the safety
of streets and fostering a sense of place. Other programs have
targeted increased access to services for seniors and individuals
living in poverty by changing land use patterns. Others have
attempted to limit institutional barriers through organizational
and structural change. Below is a compilation of suggested actions
and programs by Jennie Moore that are working to overcome barriers
to sustainable urban development.
- Limit the number of recommendations. Limiting
the number of recommendations to two or three and providing detailed
strategies regarding how these could be implemented is an approach
which offers a higher chance of implementation success than presenting
many recommendations with sparse guidelines for implementation.
- Revisit the report and attach priorities
to the three most important things that need to be done.
- Demonstrate the advantages. Vague promises
are not persuasive enough to gain the approval of skeptical decision-makers.
- Establish standards.
- Prioritize issues.
- Improve networking and cooperation among
- Provide an improved question and answer programme.
- Include civic staff and councillors in the
creation of the recommendations.
- Develop government structures that accommodate
- Develop government structures that reduce
the workload of elected officials.
- Appoint councillors to community centres.
- Examine other successful campaigns.
- Promote self-help.
- Delegate more power to the municipal level.
- Institute citizen review board.
- Expand communication links with other cities.
- Work on constituency building. In the same
way that public recognition stimulates civic action, so too does
it stimulate corporate action. Several interviewees representing
large corporations expressed an interest in working with the
City to achieve its goals contained in Clouds of Change. Programmes
designed to facilitate this type of cooperation could build social
capital and could positively influence employees, encouraging
adaptation of their need-meeting behaviours to ones that are
- Identify lead agencies and coordinate policies
- Develop policies that improve choices.
- Follow-up task force initiatives with a public
Jennie Moore: What's
Stopping Sustainability: http://www.newcity.ca/Pages/mooreindex.html